Military Security System of the RA7 m. | 2019-05-10
The Military Security System is one of the major functions of the state’s political power. The necessity of multilateral military security research and its analysis in the operational field are a result of an objective demand for the state’s policy of efficiency increase in that specific sphere. Demand for the improvement and implementation of the Republic of Armenia’s military doctrine and national security strategy as well as the Armed Forces reform.
Military security is very often observed as a synonym to the state’s defense security, which is not quite accurate. Defense security can be defined solely as the military means against external threats. The military security term covers not only military, but also political, economic, legal and other fields, through which the state’s protection from external and internal threats is carried out. Therefore, it can be argued that defense security is a component of military security.
Hence, the Russian military encyclopedia defines military security as an internal and international life situation, in case of which a threat to the individual, society, state, coalition of states or to the whole international community through violence is neutralized or excluded. The armed defense, insurance of independence and sovereignty, establishment of military guarantee for the stability of public and state institution, maintenance of legal order and the prevention of terrorist acts of the state’s territorial integrity are the main goals of the military security within the institutional plan. We will try to find out the structural peculiarities of the military security system with the help of institutional approach.
Practical solutions to military security cannot be realized without understanding the nature of its subjects. The identification of these subjects is important from the viewpoint of understanding the state’s political commitment to the protection of national interests by military threats. Also by the conceptual formulations of political leadership views connected with military security issues.
Some researchers divide the subjects of military security insurance system into two parts, which are interrelated with the ratio of the whole and the part. Therefore, the first subject of the military security system, which covers the entire institutional complex, is the State. The State is not only the bearer of national interests, but also the main instrument for security insurance for its citizens, their guaranteed defence from different kinds of threats and dangers.
Focusing on the political, economic, demographic and military capacities, the interrelationships between other domestic and foreign policy subjects, taking into account the nature of military threats, the state defines the approaches to military security, the content and purpose of politics and mechanisms for counting the threats. Carrying out its activities in this field, the state also cooperates with other subjects of domestic policy, trying to ensure a complete security environment. In this regard, the state bodies of security executive field, including security providing power structures and means form the RA military security insurance system.
Therefore, the state’s military security polity is carried out by the system of state authority bodies, special governmental institutions and by a special circle of responsible people. Those bodies, institutions and responsible people are the second group of subjects of military security provision. In this case, each subject of military security provision performs unique and only self-inherent functions and the state guides, coordinates and directs all their activities.
Subjectivity of military security provision by the individuals, organizations and institutions is reflected in their legal relations with the state’s political power. The content of these relations is to provide the above-mentioned subjects with specific credentials as a main subject providing military security. For example, the Defense Minister is a military security-providing subject not as a person, but as a state official body. Political parties, non-governmental organizations, as well as citizens of a country can become a subject of military security providing system, expressing confidence or no-confidence to the state as well as the military security policy during the elections.
The subjectivity of these role-players together with the military security maintenance is carried out in an intermediate form compared with the state role-players. Hence, each political party can have its own vision about the maintenance of military security, but it cannot be called a subject of provision, as long as it does not have a real opportunity to influence the state policy. Obviously, non-parliamentary parties, which do not have representations in Parliament and in Government, are not the subjects of military security provision system.
The operation of the RA military security provision system is connected with its structural peculiarities and with the combination of its system elements. Currently, we can speak about some of the subsystems of the military security system provision. According to the ranking done by the researchers, we can distinguish the following RA military security provision subsystems:
- State (Republican) subsystem - (the RA Prime Minister, the RA President, Legislative, Executive, Judicial bodies, Prosecutor’s Office of the RA, NSC and other coordinating entities)
- Territorial subsystem - (Territorial administration and local self-governing bodies)
- Functional subsystem - (NSS, MOD, MFA, the Police, MES, HRGV, economic and infrastructure departments)
- Organization of the State Military Management as an immediate military security provision subsystem - (the RA Armed Forces, other troops, military regulations and their governing bodies).
These state bodies are the members of public relations within the military security provision context, to whom the legal form has given certain rights and responsibilities. It is illustrated below:
- Firstly, to be a separate participant of public relations from the social point of view, to be apt to form and implement some activities, being a part of a public life regulation.
- Secondly, to be a bearer of legal relationships connected with military security provision.
In the RA, military security is provided through the state security system and has legislative regulations.
It is stated in the Law of the Republic of Armenia on “Defense”, that the maintenance of military security is carried out by the Legislative, Executive and Judicial bodies, state, public and other structures and associations, citizens, who take part in the maintenance of the state system’s important event, as well as the Legislation, which regulates legal relations of this field. In this field, the most important task for both the state and society is to improve the RA military security organization for the protection of the state’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. As it is stated in the RA National Security Strategy: “The factors and actions serving to the fundamental values of national security are the modernization and efficiency enhancement of the Armed Forces compatibility, security and law-enforcement structures”.
Thus, reliable defense and military security provision historically become an important imperative for the RA, requiring an involvement of materialistic, spiritual and human forces and integration of different spheres of the society. This is not only the activity of the state’s military specialized sector, but also of the state institutions by comparing and guiding the public efforts.
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 RA National Security Strategy, RA President Decree NH-37-N, February 7, 2007, Yerevan